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Quiz 4 (American Modernism)

2016-08-09   来源:安徽三联学院   点击:2808次

Quiz 4 American Modernism

І. Multiple Choices

1. Which of the following is NOT Earnest Hemingway’s work?

  A) The Sun Also Rises                                   

  B) A Farewell to Arms

  C) For Whom the Bell Tolls      

  D) Tender Is the Night

 

2. ____________ is regarded as the father of modern American poetry.

A) T.S. Eliot

  B) Robert Frost

  C) Ezra Pound

  D) William Faulkner

 

3. Which of the following best explores American myth in the 20th century?

A) The Great Gatsby

  B) The Sun Also Rises

  C) The Sound and the Fury

  D) Beyond the Horizon

 

4. Who does NOT belong to the undisputed masters of modern American poetry?

A) Ezra Pound

  B) T.S. Eliot

  C) Robert Frost

  D) J. D. Salinger

 

5. The central theme of Faulkner’s novels is ____________ and the creative method is capricious.

A) the human heart in conflict with itself

  B) the man’s perseverance

  C) dissatisfaction with the life

  D) war

 

6. Which time can be regarded as the second renaissance of the American literature?

A) The 1910s

  B) The 1920s

  C) The 1930s

  D) The 1940s

 

7. __________ is the best known and the most welcome of the New England poets and is highly regarded for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloquial speech.

A) Ezra Pound

  B) T.S. Eliot

  C) Robert Frost

  D) Tennessee Williams

 

8. ___________ is the first American author to win the Nobel Prize.

A) Fitzgerald

B) Sinclair Lewis 

C) Allen Ginsberg

  D) Arthur Miller

 

9. Ernest Hemingway received the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 for______________.

A) The Old Man and the Sea

B) The Torrents of Spring

C) In Our Time

  D) A Farewell to Arms

 

10. ____________ is one of the leading figures of the postwar American dramatists.

A) Ernest Hemingway

B) Arthur Miller

  C) Saul Bellow

  D) John Steinbeck

 

11. Willa Cather’s works include the followings EXCEPT _______________.

  A) My Antonio

  B) The Song of the Lark

  C) O Pioneers!                       

  D) The Triumph of the Egg

 

12. ____________ is F. Scott Fitzgerald’s first novel.

A) The Great Gatsby

  B) This Side of Paradise

  C) The Beautiful and the Damned

  D) Tender is the Night

 

13. Death of a Salesman was written by _______________.

A) Arthur Miller

B) E Ernest Hemingway

  C) Ralph Ellison

  D) James Baldwin

 

14. The novel For Whom the Bell Tolls is Written by ______________.

A) Scott Fitzgerald

  B) William Faulkner

  C) Eugene O’Neill

  D) Ernest Hemingway

 

15. Which of the following writers is a poet of the 20th century?

A) T.S. Eliot

  B) D.H. Lawrence

  C) Theodore Dreiser

  D) James Joyce

 

16. The rabbit series were written by______________.

A) John Updike

B) Jerome David Salinger

  C) Mark Twain

  D) Ezra Pound

 

17. __________ was Jack Kerouac’s best novel.

A) Mexico City Blues

  B) Howl and the Poems

  C) Visions of Cody

  D) On the Road

 

П. Define the Following Terms

1. Lost Generation

2. Modernism

3. Hemingway Heroes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answer Sheet

І. Multiple Choices:

1-5:____________________         6-10:_____________________

11-15:__________________         16-17:_____________________

П. Define the Following Terms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

І. Multiple Choices:

1-5: D C A D A         6-10: B C B A B

11-15:  D B A D A      16-17:  A D  

 

П. Define the Following Terms

1. Lost Generation:

This term has been used again and again to describe the people of the postwar years. It describes the Americans who remained in Paris as a colony of “expatriates” or exiles. It describes the writers like Hemingway who lived in semi-poverty. It describes the Americans who returned to their native land with an intense awareness of living in an unfamiliar changing world.

After World War І, the young disappointed American writers, such as Hemingway, Pound, Cummings, Fitzgerald, chose Paris as their place of exile. They came from the East or the Middle West of the U.S, and most of them had been shocked or wounded in the war. An American woman writer named Gertrude Stein, who had lived in Paris since 1903, welcomed these young writers to her apartment which was already famous as a literary salon. She called them “the Lost Generation” , because they had cut themselves off from their past in America in order to create new types of writing which had never been tried before. “The Lost Generation” is also painted in the writers’ writings. The young English and American expatriates, men and women, were caught in the war and cut off from the old values and yet unable to come to terms with the new era when civilization had gone mad. They wandered pointlessly and restlessly, enjoying things like fishing, swimming, bullfight and beauties of nature, but they were aware all the while that the world is crazy and meaningless and futile. Their whole life is undercut and defeated.

 

2. Modernism

Modernism is loosely a synonym of anything contemporary. Strictly, Modernism was an international movement in literature and arts, especially in literary criticism, which began in the late 19th century and the theory of psycho-analysis as its theoretical base. The modernist writers concentrate more on the private and subjunctive than on the public and objective, mainly concerned with the inner being of an individual. Therefore they pay more attention to the psychic time than the chronological one. The major themes of the modernist literature are the distorted, alienated and ill relationships between man and nature, man and society, man and man, and man and himself. In the United States, modernism refers to the 20th century American literature, which can also be called the second American Renaissance.

 

3. Hemingway Heroes

    “Hemingway Heroes” refer to some protagonists in Hemingway’s works. Such a hero usually is an average man of decidedly masculine tastes, sensitive and intelligent. And usually he is a man of action and of few words. He is such an individualist, alone even when with other people, somewhat an outsider, keeping emotions under control, stoic and self- disciplined in a dreadful place where one can not get happiness. Frederic Henry in A Farewell to Arms is completely disillusioned. He has been to the war, but has seen nothing sacred and glorious. Like Jake Barnes in The Sun Also Rise who hates to talk about the war, Henry is shocked into the realization that “abstract words such as glory, honor, courage, or hallow were obscene”, and feels “always embarrassed by words such as glory, sacred and sacrifice.” The Hemingway heroes stand for a whole generation. In a world which is essentially chaotic and meaningless, a Hemingway hero fights a solitary struggle against a force he does not even understand. But the Hemingway Hero possesses a force he does not even understand. The awareness that it must end in defeat, no matter how hard he strives, engenders a sense of despair. But the Hemingway Hero possesses a